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3.8.2 LGBT - fase 2

El mito que la violencia domestica no existe en las relaciones LGBT (Lesbiana, gay, bisexual, transexual) es incorrecta. Según Jane Doe Inc, la violencia sexual y domestica ocurre en 25-33% de las relaciones LGBT – aproximadamente lo mismo que las relaciones heterosexuales.

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La violencia domestica en las relaciones LGBT, al igual que en las relaciones heterosexuales, se trata de control. El abusador puede abusar de la víctima en una o varias maneras. Para mas información sobre los tipos de violencia domestica, visite Información General de Violencia Domestica {link to 3.1} y El Ciclo de Violencia {link to 3.1.2}.

La violencia domestica en las relaciones LGBT puede ser única. Algunas formas que el abuso en las relaciones LGBT es único:

-Una pareja puede amenazar a revelar a la otra pareja. Si la pareja no se a revelado a los demás, esto puede poner a la pareja en peligro de discriminación, la perdida de su hogar, trabajo, custodia de los hijos, comunidad religiosa, familia, amigos, o otras comunidades, lazos o apoyo. Es completamente la decisión de la persona de salir del closet, no la decisión de alguien mas. Una persona puede decidir de no salir del closet por diferentes razones, todos los cuales deben ser respetadas, especialmente por su pareja.

-Además de la amenaza de ser descubierto a causa de su pareja, la víctima puede tener miedo de hablar con otras personas sobre el abuso por temor de (outing themselves). Esto puede aislar a la víctima, sobre todo si la víctima se encuentra en una comunidad pequeña con pocos recursos o apoyo.

-Protección legal de las personas LGBT puede ser inadecuada, o de acceso difícil. La víctima no puede saber a donde acudir para obtener ayuda legal, y puede tener miedo que se les niegue acceso si deciden buscar ayuda legal.

-Víctimas LGBT pueden estar preocupados de que no les creen si deciden buscar ayuda. También pueden estar preocupados de que la persona en quien están tratando de confiar crean el mito de que la violencia domestica no ocurre en las relaciones LGBT. Pueden tener miedo de que alguien va a negar que el abuso esta ocurriendo en la relación LGBT, o hasta puedan descartar el hecho que la persona sea homosexual. También pueden temer de sufrir de la homofobia de la parte de la persona que se supone que debe ayudar.

-Los abusadores pueden reclamar que el maltrato es mutuo, porque las dos personas son del mismo sexo, identidad de sexo, o orientación sexual. Algunos pueden afirmar que es una forma de distinguir quien es mas "masculino" en la relación.

Por suerte, bajo la ley de Massachusetts, leyes contra el abuso sexual y las órdenes de protección son accesibles para las personas de todas las orientaciones sexuales, sexos e identidades de sexo. Esto hace que sea más fácil y más seguro para las víctimas LGBT de violencia doméstica a buscar y recibir ayuda legal en Massachusetts. Además, la mayoría si no todas las organizaciones de violencia doméstica en Massachusetts son conscientes de la prevalecía de la violencia doméstica LGBT y poden ayudar. Si usted no es de Massachusetts, usted todavía puede llamar a Massachusetts LGBT y organizaciones de violencia doméstica para obtener ayuda.

La línea de emergencia de 24 horas de Safe Passage es completamente confidencial. Llame a nuestra línea de emergencia al (413) 586-5066 o llame gratis al (888) 345 a 5282.

Para mas información, visite:

LaRed

617-742-4911 (voz)

617-227-4911 (tty)

www.tnlr.org

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Fenway Violence Recovery Program

617-927-6250

toll-free 800-834-3242

www.fenwayhealth.org

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Gay Men's Domestic Violence Project

800-832-1901

www.gmdvp.org

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

www.nrcdv.org

Survivor Project

www.survivorproject.org

National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs

www.ncavp.org

Show Me Love DC!

www.showmelovedc.org

FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression)

www.forge-forwards.org

Office for Victims of Crime

www.ovc.gov

Sources: http://www.lambda.org/DV_background.htm

http://www.janedoe.org/Find_Help/For_LGBTQQI (also source for list of resources)

Jane Doe, Inc. 2010 Fact Sheet Statistics:

In 2008, 3,419 cases of domestic violence were reported to members of the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, a GLBTQ advocacy organization.

(National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, 2009)

Citations

Anderson B, Marshak HH, Hebbeler DL. Identifying intimate partner violence at entry to prenatal care: Clustering routine clinical information. J Midwifery Womens Health 2002;47:353–359.

Carlson, B. E. (2000). Children exposed to intimate partner violence: Research findings and implications for intervention. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 1(4), 321-340.

(CDC1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adverse Health Conditions and Health Risk Behaviors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. February 2008.. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5705.pdf

(CDC2)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fact Sexual Violence Fact Sheet 2012[hyperlink: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/SV_Factsheet-a.pdf]_

DeBoard-Lucas, R., & Grych, J. (2011). Children's perceptions of intimate partner violence: Causes, consequences, and coping. Journal of Family Violence, 26, 343-354. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.libproxy.smith.edu

Edleson, J. L. (2004). Should childhood exposure to adult domestic violence be defined as child maltreatment under the law? In P. G. Jaffe, L. L. Baker, & A. J. Cunningham (Eds.), Protecting Children from Domestic Violence, (pp. 8-29). New York, New York: Guilford Press.

Felitti, Vincent J. MD, FACP, Robert F Anda MD, MS, Dale Nordenberg MD, David F Williamson MS, PhD, Alison M Spitz MS, MPH, Valerie Edwards BA, Mary P Koss PhD, James S Marks MD, MPH Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in AdultsJournal of Preventive Medicine. Volume 14, Issue 4 , Pages 245-258, May 1998, :American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 14, Issue 4 , Pages 245-258, May 1998

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H.A., Ormrod, R.K., & Hamby, S.L. (2009). Violence, abuse, & crime exposure in a national sample of children & youth. Pediatrics 124(5): 1-14. (CV193).

Fusco, R., & Fantuzzo, J. (2009). Domestic violence crimes and children: A population-based investigation of direct sensory exposure and the nature of involvement. Children and Youth Services Review, 31, 249-256.

Futures Without Violence. (1) (2012). The Facts on Reproductive Health and Partner Abuse. Retrieved from: http:// www.futureswithoutviolence.org/userfiles/file/Children_and_Families/Reproductive.pdf

Futures Without Violence. (2) (2010). Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence and Public Health. [Power Point slides]. Retrieved from: http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/sectio/our_work/health/_making_connection

Hammoury N, Khawaja M, Mahfoud Z, Afifi R, Madi H. Domestic Violence against Women during Pregnancy: The Case of Palestinian Refugees Attending an Antenatal Clinic in Lebanon. Journal Of Women's Health (15409996) [serial online]. March 2009;18(3):337-345. Available from: Academic Search Premier, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 18, 2012.

Herrenkohl, T., Sousa, C., Tajima, E., Herrenkohl, R., & Moylan, C. (2008). Intersection of child abuse and children's exposure to domestic violence. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 9(2), 84-99.

Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 797-810.

Hughes, H. M., Graham-Bermann, S. A., & Gruber, G. (2001). Resilience in children exposed to domestic violence. In S. A. Graham-Bermann, & J. L. Edleson (Eds.), Domestic Violence in the Lives of Children: The Future of Research, Intervention, and Social Policy (pp. 67-90). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Jane Doe Inc., "Supporting Survivors of Sexual Assault, A Journey to Justice, Health, and Healing", 2009. Page: Recovering from Domestic Violence

Kilpatrick, D. G., Aciero, R., Saunders, B., Resnick, H., Best, C., & Schnurr, P. P. (2000). Risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and dependence: Data from a national sample. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 68,19-30.

Miller E, Decker MR, McCauley HL, Levenson R, Silverman JG. Pregnancy coercion, intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy. Contraception – April 2010 (Vol. 81, Issue 4, Pages 316-322, DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2009.12.004)

Murrell, A., Christoff, K., & Henning, K. (2007). Characteristics of domestic violence offenders: Associations with childhood exposure to domestic violence. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 523-532.

National Center for Victims of Crime: Dating Violence Fact Sheet http://www.fjclegalnetwork.org/resources/Teen%20Dating%20Violence%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

National Network to End Domestic Violence, website. Page: Internet Security

(NCADV) National Coalition Against Domestic Violence Economic Abuse Fact Sheet_

(NYC) New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Femicide in New York City: 1995-2002 (2004), available at http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/ip/femicide1995-2002_report.pdf

Nosek, Margaret A., and Rosemary B. Hughes. "Violence Against Women with Disabilities—Fact Sheet #1: Findings from Studies 1992-2002." Baylor College of Medicine. N.p. Web. 9 August 2009. http://www.bcm.edu/crowd/index.cfm?pmid=1409

Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN)[hyperlink: http://www.rainn.org/public-policy/sexual-assault-issues/marital-rape/].

Rosewater, A., & Goodmark, L. (2007). Steps toward safety: Improving systemic and community responses for families experiencing domestic violence, family violence prevention fund. Retrieved from: www.endabuse.org/userfiles/file/Children_and_Families/steps_toward_safety.pdf

Sullivan, C.M., Juras, J., Bybee, D., Nguyen, H., & Allen, N. (2000) How children's adjustment is affected by their relationships to their mothers' abusers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 15, No. 6, pp.587-602.

Tjaden, Patricia, and Nancy Thoennes, Stalking in America: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey, Research in Brief, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, April 1998, NCJ 169592.

(USDOJ 1) U.S. Department of Justice. (November 1998). Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women.

(USDOJ2) U.S. Department of Justice and the Stalking Resource Center.

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Welcome to Safe Passage in Northampton, Massachusetts. Since 1977 we have served survivors of domestic violence, their children, friends, and families.

At Safe Passage we offer survivors hope and support and resources, as both are essential in the journey from violence to safety. Our counseling, advocacy, shelter, support groups, and community education help build safe avenues toward sustainability and healing.

Within this website, you are encouraged to seek safety, learn, educate, and get engaged.

Welcome to Safe Passage.

Located in Northampton, Massachusetts, we serve Hampshire County and the Hampden County Hilltowns.

Safe Passage is dedicated to creating a world free of domestic violence and relationship abuse.

We hope our website will help you seek safety, learn about domestic violence and relationship abuse, and get involved.

We know that historically, domestic violence organizations have been thought of as serving women. And it is important to know that we are here for all survivors--women, men, transgender and gender non-conforming survivors, folks of no gender, and people of all sexual identities.

You are welcome here. Let us know how we can help.